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The first step of making the bow is leveling and preparing the materials. The bow needs mulberry wood, bamboo, water buffalo horn, oak wood and cow-sinew using fish glue. The mulberry, which has both strength and softness, is used for bowstring. It also plays a role in controlling the flexibility of the bow for its hardness.

As such, when compared to the bamboo, which has a high elasticity, the
mulberry wood is a suitable material for the bow because it has a weak elasticity.

Cut the raw mulberry wood properly and soak it in the water for 10 days to remove the resin and boil it for a day. Tying up and bending the mulberry wood achieves flexibility as the half-moon forms.


Cut one side of the bow to hang the bowstring and sharpen the other side to connect to the bamboo.

Bamboo over 3 years old and has long joints is suitable and it takes up the middle of the bow.
Split and draw a cross line inside of the bamboo, then soak it in the water and put it over the charcoal fire to remove the resin. When it is warm, tie it up into a round shape and let it dry. Untie it and straighten it to not let it break, then rake out the outer layer to make the glue soak easily.

Hollow out a groove to both sides (it is called NoRubal) to connect to the sharp part of the mulberry wood.

Oak is for the handle of bow, and usually oriental oak is used.



The outer bent part of the water buffalo horn is the embossment and the inner is the intaglio. Both edges of the horn for the bows are sawed and the horn should be not too thick or too thin.

The horn needs to be sawed again and the more the Chinese character for "people" found on the horn, the better the horn is deemed to be..



Cut and plane all the cut horns except 3 cm or 4cm by an adz. Grind the fore and the back by a file to make the surface even. Water and bake the horn in the fire and straighten and soak in water again. .



Pull out the horn and hollow it in the extent direction by tying it up at the work
table and then drill an access of ten holes in it..

It is called 'Saryeonchinda', a process which raises the adhesive strength as the glue is soaked easily.


The sinew which sticks at the inner part is the core to control the elasticity and pliability of the bone.

Because the muscles stick to the backbone really tightly, it has a good
flexibility. The sinew is called HanDeung and it comes from one cow and one and half of this is needed for a bow.

Straighten and dry the sinew for about a week . Then beat it and split it into
many long and thin thread-like parts. Fish glue comes from the air bladder of a fish, whereby a fresh fish is mainly used. So this is called fresh fish glue and yellow corvina also can be used. .

There are female and male air bladders. Female is more suitable for bow. Remove the oil at the edge and dry it.


Connecting the bamboo and mulberry wood is the start of making bows, and is done so as to prepara for pasting and shaving the materials of the bows. The mulberry wood which has reverse form of V, and the bamboo which has V form, are pasted several times and put together with string.


Attach the horn at the shaved surface of the bow which is dried for two days. Paste the mulberry wood and bamboo several times with watery fish glue and let them dry. Put the pasted horn over the fire and prop it up the bent and hard tool.

Tie the bow with thin string loosely and tape it tightly baking on the fire and applying water at the same time. Bake the pasted oak and apply water to it. Then adhere a handle to the middle of the bow firmly by winding a thick string.

Next is to make a bow frame, shaving from a handle and chopping according to the width. Shave the inside of the bamboo as thinly as possible.


Apply the fish glue several times inside the bow and put the sinew on it after finishing in order to cut the back of bow. Paste the inside of the bamboo, and mulberry wood and at the edge of horn except the tips of the bow, 8 to 10 times and then let it dry.


The process for putting the sinew on the bow is Simnogi. First, tear the sinew thinly and rub it in warm water and squeeze. Spread the sinew at the table and paste the fish glue to starch the bow.


Use the brush to mix the glue evenly and remove the extra fish glue and oil from the sinew by bamboo knife and let it dry. It takes an hour or so to remove the sinew at the Ondol in winter. Spread the sinew side by side on the cloth which is properly wetted.


"Simnogi" is the application of water to the bow and melting the sinew to put it in the bow. At this time, the bow should be put over the fire, with water
applied to it, and also checking it using brush.

Put the string to the bow from the tips of a bow to the handles, then put both strings one upon another. Add a sinew to the handle part again after it has dried, a process called 'Jumgari'. 'Simnogi' which is called second pasting or last pasting, or last pasting, is done several times. The sinew for the second pasting requires the same short sinew as the first one in order to attach it from the tips to handle. File the sinew smoothly, applying water after the second pasting.

Before drying the last pasting, file the surface of the sinew away to remove roughness. Store the bows at the warm place at about 25-30 degree 5-7 days later finishing the 'Simnogi'



The tips of the bow requires a lot of care to ensure they do not get crooked because the bowstring is to be attached to it. File the tips of the bow and make the hole by knife and also make a shape of the end of an archery bow.


The next step after making a body of bow is making the bow shoot, Hae-Gung, which is ready to shoot attaching the string. It includes correcting the balance of bows controlling the state of bow

Put the prop in the middle of the bow and file smooth, 'Asihaegung'.

When putting the 'Dogigae' which is a hard wood on the bow, turn over the bent part like a crook and tie both edges, attaching a bowstring before untying the 'Dogigae'. Put the bow over the fire and trim the horn to make the right bows.


Attach the floral envelope to the surface of the bow, and after various processes to make the handle of the bow, it would be completed.